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In 1812, Indians destroyed the fort and killed many soldiers and settlers.
Street cars came to State Street in 1859, helping to spur large-scale growth during the Civil War.
The Fire of 1871 destroyed almost all of the buildings in the center of the city.
By widening State Street and constructing the Palmer House Hotel, in the 1860s and 1870s, Potter Palmer almost single-handedly made State Street the center of downtown Chicago commerce.
From the 1950s onwards, with the increased use of automobiles and the rise of the suburbs, the Loop's influence over the city began to lessen.
Note: Neighborhood names and boundaries may differ, depending on the information source.
Libraries in The Loop include Chicago Public Library
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